Constitution of USA:
The Constitution of America (the first written constitution of the world) was signed by 39 out of the 55 delegates on Sep 17, 1787, and enforced in 1789, establishing the framework for the American government. It defined a system of checks and balances, dividing power among three major branches legislative, executive, and judicial to prevent the misuse of authority. It also preserves fundamental rights and liberties, protecting individual freedoms and setting the stage for a democratic republic that has endured for over two centuries. Here we are going to discuss the name of USA Presidents and their parties but before this learn about these parties.
Democratic-Republican Party and National Republican Party
The terms “Democratic-Republican”, “National Republican” and “National Union Party” refer to different political parties in US history.
The Democratic-Republican Party, also known as the Jeffersonian Republicans, was established in the late 18th century and led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. They advocated for limited federal power, states’ rights, agrarianism, support social & economic equality, and strict interpretation of the constitution.
On the other hand, the National Republican Party was formed in the 1820s and was led by USA Presidents such as Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams. They were primarily characterized by their support for a strong central government, protective tariffs, and internal improvements. The National Republican Party eventually merged with other factions to form the Whig Party, while the Democratic-Republican Party evolved into the modern Democratic Party.
National Union Party and Republican Party
The National Union Party emerged during the Civil War era in the early 1860s. It was formed by a coalition of Republicans and War Democrats who sought to maintain the Union and defeat the Confederacy. Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, was nominated as the party’s candidate for the 1864 presidential election. However, after Lincoln’s assassination, the National Union Party gradually faded away.
The Republican Party, on the other hand, has been a long-standing political party in the United States. It was founded in 1854 as a coalition of various anti-slavery factions and became a major political force during the Civil War and Reconstruction eras. The Republican Party has undergone significant ideological shifts throughout its history but has generally advocated for conservative principles, limited government, free-market economics, and individual liberty.
In summary, while the National Union Party and the Republican Party may have had some overlapping members and goals during the Civil War era, they were distinct political entities with separate histories and identities.
Four American Presidents died in office:
1. William Henry Harrison (Pneumonia)
2. Zachary Tyler (Cholera Morbus)
3. Warren G. Harding (Heart Attack)
4. Franklin D. Roosevelt (Cerebral Hemorrhage)
Four Presidents of USA who were assassinated
1. Abraham Lincoln (Shot by the actor John Wilkes Booth)
2. James A. Garfield (Shot by Charles Julius Guiteau)
3. William McKinley (Shot by Leon Czolgosz)
4. John F. Kennedy (Killed by Lee Harvey Oswald)
Longest serving American president: Franklin D. Roosevelt (coined the name of UNO) lasted for 12 years.
Shortest serving in US history: William Henry Harrison lasted for 31 days.
Second shortest tenure: James A. Garfield for 4 months
One US president resigned from office facing impeachment (law): Richard Nixon
Now According to the 22nd amendment to US constitution no person may be elected president more than twice.
List of USA Presidents, their tenure and Parties
|1||George Washington||1789 – 1797||Federalist|
|2||John Adam||1797 – 1801||Federalist|
|3||Thomas Jefferson||1801 – 1809||Democratic-Republican|
|4||James Madison||1809 – 1817||Democratic-Republican|
|5||James Monroe||1817 – 1825||Democratic-Republican|
|6||John Quincy Adams||1825 – 1829||National Republican|
|7||Andrew Jackson||1829 – 1837||Democratic|
|8||Martin Van Buren||1837 – 1841||Democratic|
|9||William Henry Harrison||March 4, 1841 – April 4, 1841||Whig|
|10||John Tyler||1841 – 1845||Whig|
|11||James K. Polk||1845 – 1849||Democratic|
|12||Zachary Tayler||1849 – 1850||Whig|
|13||Millard Fillmore||1850 – 1853||Whig|
|14||Franklin Pierce||1853 – 1857||Democratic|
|15||James Buchanan||1857 – 1861||Democratic|
|16||Abraham Lincoln||1861 – 1865||Republican /|
National Union Party
|17||Andrew Jackson||1865 – 1869||Democratic|
|18||Ulysses S. Grant||1869 – 1877||Republican|
|19||Rutherford B. Hayes||1877 – 1881||Republican|
|20||James A. Garfield||March 4, 1881-|
Sep 19, 1881
|21||Chester A. Arthur||1881 – 1885||Republican|
|22||Grover Cleveland||1885 – 1889||Democratic|
|23||Benjamin Harrison||1889 – 1893||Republican|
|24||Grover Cleveland||1893 -1897||Democratic|
|25||William McKinley||1897 – 1901||Republican|
|26||Theodore Roosevelt||1901 – 1909||Republican|
|27||William Howard Taft||1909 – 1913||Republican|
|28||Woodrow Wilson||1913 – 1921||Democratic|
|29||Warren G. Harding||1921 – 1923||Republican|
|30||Calvin Coolidge||1923 – 1929||Republican|
|31||Herbert Hoover||1929 – 1933||Republican|
|32||Franklin D. Roosevelt||1933 – 1945||Democratic|
|33||Harry S. Truman||1945 – 1953||Democratic|
|34||Dwight D. Eisenhower||1953 – 1961||Republican|
|35||John F. Kennedy||1961 – 1963||Democratic|
|36||Lyndon B. Johnson||1963 – 1969||Democratic|
|37||Richard M. Nixon||1969 – 1974||Republican|
|38||Gerald R. Ford||1974 – 1977||Republican|
|39||Jimmy Carter||1977 – 1981||Democratic|
|40||Ronald Reagan||1981 – 1989||Republican|
|41||George H.W Bush||1989 – 1993||Republican|
|42||Bill Clinton||1993 – 2001||Democratic|
|43||George H.W Bush||2001 – 2009||Republican|
|44||Barak Obama||2009 – 2017||Democratic|
|45||Donald Trump||2017 – 2021||Republican|
|46||Joe Biden||Jan 20, 2021||Democratic|